Famous for its Mediterranean’s perfect climate and warm people, Northern Cyprus is one of the most beautiful islands connecting 3 continents. It is a tourism paradise with its clean beaches and unique nature. As the legend tells, Caesar’s giving this island to Cleopatra to prove his love is the best example.
Archaeological excavations have revealed settlements belonging to the Neolithic period dating back to 7000 BC. From the ruins found, it is understood that the first people who settled in Cyprus came from Mesopotamia and Anatolia, practised agriculture and domesticated animals. 6000 BC and later groups brought the art of making clay pots such as pots, buckets and glasses. One of the two settlements unearthed at this time is the “VRISI” ruins, 10 km east of Kyrenia on the northern coast, and the other is the ruins called “KIROKITIA” between Limassol and Nicosia.
Larger settlements of the Bronze Age emerged. The abundance of copper, which is the most important raw material of bronze tools, on the island of Cyprus has led to the development of centres dealing with the trade of this metal and processing copper in the region. The ruins of “ENKOMI” in the northeast of Famagusta are the remains of a modern and rich town that developed in this era. B.C. Since 2000, the history of Cyprus has witnessed the invasions of the regional forces in order to have the strategic location of the island and its rich copper resources. The different cultures that came with these invasions made the island of Cyprus a land of historical ruins and artefacts.
Source: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Tourism Promotion and Marketing Department